Wednesday, May 04, 2016

Research Byte: Building a Science of Individual Differences from fMRI.



Building a Science of Individual Differences from fMRI.

2016 Apr 29. pii: S1364-6613(16)30007-9. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2016.03.014. [Epub ahead of print] 1Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences,…

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Mapping the Circuit of Our Circadian Clock



Mapping the Circuit of Our Circadian Clock

Neuroscience NewsMay 3, 2016 Research sheds light the neural structure that controls our sleep, eating habits, hormones and more. What's that old saying…

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Friday, April 29, 2016

The Complexity of the Frontal Lobes



The Complexity of the Frontal Lobes

The large prefrontal cortex was not considered important for many years. Now, we know that it is the critical brain link to thoughts and behaviors related to…

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Thursday, April 28, 2016

Research Byte: The genetic architecture of correlations between perceptual timing, motor timing, and intelligence via BrowZine

The genetic architecture of correlations between perceptual timing, motor timing, and intelligence
Mosing, Miriam A.; Verweij, Karin J.H.; Madison, Guy; Ullén, Fredrik
Intelligence, Vol. 57 – 2016: 33 - 40

10.1016/j.intell.2016.04.002

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Wednesday, April 27, 2016

Neuroscientists create ‘atlas’ showing how words are organised in the brain - this is BIG

This is a very exciting bit of new research.  Check out the story and play the brief video to catch the major concepts.  I think this is BIG.  Thanks to my fiend Jeff Evans for bringing this to my attention.

Neuroscientists create 'atlas' showing how words are organised in the brain

From 10 for Today, a Flipboard magazine by Flipboard

Scientists have created an "atlas of the brain" that reveals how the meanings of words are arranged across different regions…

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******************************************************
Kevin McGrew, PhD
Educational Psychologist
Director, Institute for Applied Psychometrics
IAP
******************************************************

Research Byte: Functional independence in resting-state connectivity facilitates higher-order cognition via BrowZine

Functional independence in resting-state connectivity facilitates higher-order cognition
James, G. Andrew; Kearney-Ramos, Tonisha E.; Young, Jonathan A.; Kilts, Clinton D.; Gess, Jennifer L.; Fausett, Jennifer S.
Brain and Cognition, Vol. 105 – 2016: 78 - 87

10.1016/j.bandc.2016.03.008

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Research Byte: Overlapping communities reveal rich structure in large-scale brain networks during rest and task conditions



Overlapping communities reveal rich structure in large-scale brain networks during rest and task conditions

Highlights • Characterized densely overlapping whole-brain communities at rest and task data…

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PLOS Science Wednesday: Hi reddit, my name is Dr. Nina Kraus and I found preschoolers’ auditory language processing parallels early language development, which would allow for early intervention for language disorders – Ask Me Anything!

Dr. Nina Kraus and her group at Northwestern are doing some of the best research in the world re the neurobiology of the processing of sounds and how it relates to important cognitive abilities.  Her work is always a "must" read for me.

PLOS Science Wednesday: Hi reddit, my name is Dr. Nina Kraus and I found preschoolers' auditory language processing parallels early language development, which would allow for early intervention for language disorders – Ask Me Anything!

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How Human Brains are Built

Nice overview.

How Human Brains are Built

The development of the human brain involves orchestration of thousands of different kinds of cells in an array of trillions. A vast range of molecular and cellular processes…

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Tuesday, April 26, 2016

Music May Help Babies Learn Better, Study Finds



Music May Help Babies Learn Better, Study Finds

From NBC News on Flipboard

Music may help babies learn language better, in part by helping them learn to detect important rhythms, researchers reported Monday. The study adds…

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Monday, April 25, 2016

Virtual lecture: 25 Must-Know Facts to Harness Neuroplasticity & Technology For Better Brain Health



Virtual lecture: 25 Must-Know Facts to Harness Neuroplasticity & Technology For Better Brain Health

From SlideShare on Flipboard

Slides from the April 21st, 2016 virtual lecture where three well-recognized experts and…

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Wednesday, April 20, 2016

Listening In On The Brain To Decode Speech



Listening In On The Brain To Decode Speech

Reporting in PLoS Biology, researchers write that they were able to correlate words a person was hearing to specific electrical activity in the brain.…

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Researchers identify new functional biomarker for autism in boys



Researchers identify new functional biomarker for autism in boys

WASHINGTON (April 20, 2016)–Researchers have developed a new method to map and track the function of brain circuits affected by autism…

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Tuesday, April 19, 2016

TIME: A Multidisciplinary Collection



TIME: A Multidisciplinary Collection

Time is a complex and contested concept, and one that holds significance for every academic discipline. TIME: A Multidisciplinary Collection welcomes you to delve…

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Sunday, April 17, 2016

Research Byte: Functional neuroanatomy of meditation: A review and meta-analysis of 78 functional neuroimaging investigations via BrowZine

Functional neuroanatomy of meditation: A review and meta-analysis of 78 functional neuroimaging investigations
Fox, Kieran C.R.; Dixon, Matthew L.; Nijeboer, Savannah; Girn, Manesh; Floman, James L.; Lifshitz, Michael; Ellamil, Melissa; Sedlmeier, Peter; Christoff, Kalina
Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, Vol. 65 – 2016: 208 - 228

10.1016/j.neubiorev.2016.03.021

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Airport terminal data analysis

What does one do when one can't check in for an international flight for two hours in Jakarta? Simple. Set up standing work station in terminal and crunch some data 😉

Friday, April 15, 2016

Brain Growth Chart Could Detect Attention Problems



Brain Growth Chart Could Detect Attention Problems

From Neuroscience, a Flipboard topic

When we take our young children to the doctor for a well-child checkup, an important component of the visit is to plot and then track the child's…

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Wednesday, April 13, 2016

How Changes in White Matter Might Underlie Improved Reaction Time Due to Practice



How Changes in White Matter Might Underlie Improved Reaction Time Due to Practice

Comment Free access DOI:10.1080/17588928.2016.1173664 Received: 14 Dec 2015 • Accepted: 29 Mar 2016 • Accepted author…

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Sunday, April 03, 2016

Mindfulness Training Leads to Brain Changes in Vets With PTSD



Mindfulness Training Leads to Brain Changes in Vets With PTSD

New research shows the promise of mindfulness training for helping veterans with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) manage the memories…

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Thursday, March 31, 2016

Research Byte: Multivariate Associations of Fluid Intelligence (Gf) and NAA - Is the P-FIT it?

When it rains--it pours.  Second posting today of research study reinforcing the importance of the P-FIT neuro-model of intelligence.

In a prior Interactive Metronome-Home blog post I provide an overview description of the P-FIT model.

 
Multivariate Associations of Fluid Intelligence and NAA

  1. Ryan J. Larsen1
+ Author Affiliations
  1. 1Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology
  2. 2Neuroscience Program and
  3. 3Psychology Department, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA
  4. 4Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
  5. 5Psychology Department, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
  1. Address correspondence to Aki Nikolaidis. Email: g.aki.nikolaidis@gmail.com

Abstract

Understanding the neural and metabolic correlates of fluid intelligence not only aids scientists in characterizing cognitive processes involved in intelligence, but it also offers insight into intervention methods to improve fluid intelligence. Here we use magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) to measure N-acetyl aspartate (NAA), a biochemical marker of neural energy production and efficiency. We use principal components analysis (PCA) to examine how the distribution of NAA in the frontal and parietal lobes relates to fluid intelligence. We find that a left lateralized frontal-parietal component predicts fluid intelligence, and it does so independently of brain size, another significant predictor of fluid intelligence. These results suggest that the left motor regions play a key role in the visualization and planning necessary for spatial cognition and reasoning, and we discuss these findings in the context of the Parieto-Frontal Integration Theory of intelligence.

Research Byte: Frontal and Parietal Cortices Show Different Spatiotemporal Dynamics across Problem-solving Stages. - PubMed



Yet another study supporting the P-FIT neuro model of intelligence. Overview of P-FIT here. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parieto-frontal_integration_theory

Frontal and Parietal Cortices Show Different Spatiotemporal Dynamics across Problem-solving Stages. - PubMed

Arithmetic problem-solving can be conceptualized as a multistage process ranging from task…

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The 'Brain-Hacking' Wearable That Promises to Recharge Your Mind

Interesting, but this still strikes me as risky and need of considerable research to determine any potential negative side effects.

The 'Brain-Hacking' Wearable That Promises to Recharge Your Mind

From Inc. Magazine on Flipboard

Wearable tech startup Thync says its headband product can reduce stress and give your mood a boost. Electric shock therapy is coming to…

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Wednesday, March 30, 2016

Not All Mind Wandering Is Created Equal

Mind wandering research has exploded this past decade.  I have oodles of PDF articles in a mind wandering folder that I wish I had time to digest.  Important information being learned about the brain networks involved (default, salience, and central executive networks in particular)

Not All Mind Wandering Is Created Equal

Mind wandering—sometimes seen as daydreaming or "zoning out"—has been shown to facilitate creative thinking and problem solving, but in the wrong context it can…

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Research Byte: Brain Network Adaptability across Task States



Brain Network Adaptability across Task States

Abstract Activity in the human brain moves between diverse functional states to meet the demands of our dynamic environment, but fundamental principles…

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Keith Connors, Father of ADHD, Regrets Its Current Misuse



Keith Connors, Father of ADHD, Regrets Its Current Misuse

Keith Conners can rightly be called the "Father of ADHD". He was there at the birth of the disorder and probably knows more about it than…

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Monday, March 28, 2016

Research Byte: Long-Term Effects of an Extensive Cognitive Training on Personality Development - Sander - Journal of Personality



Long-Term Effects of an Extensive Cognitive Training on Personality Development - Sander - Journal of Personality

1 German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin), Berlin, Germany 2 Freie…

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******************************************************
Kevin McGrew, PhD
Educational Psychologist
Director, Institute for Applied Psychometrics
IAP
******************************************************

MindMaze Develop Virtual Reality-Based Recovery Programs For Patients With Brain Injury



MindMaze Develop Virtual Reality-Based Recovery Programs For Patients With Brain Injury

By Morten Bjørklund Acquired brain injury is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Its complex…

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Sunday, March 27, 2016

Back on the scent: the olfactory system in CNS demyelinating diseases - Go in CHC model

Yet another reason why Go (general olfactory abilities) are a good recent addition to the CHC taxonomy of human abilities.   File under Go

Back on the scent: the olfactory system in CNS demyelinating diseases

• Albert Joseph1, • Gabriele C DeLuca2 1Foundation School Offices, St Mary's Hospital, London, UK • 2Nuffield Department of…

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